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Friday, December 6, 2013

We'll pump big money in nano tech research: Karnataka government


Chief minister Siddaramaiah on Thursday said the state government is ready to enhance budgetary support to nanotechnology initiatives and help the growth of the sunrise sector.

Speaking at the inaugural function of the sixth edition of Bangalore India Nano, Siddaramaiah said the state government would consider providing enhanced budgetary support for nanotechnology-based initiatives and activities of the state’s science and technology’s vision group, including ventures.

The vision group on nanotechnology, headed by Bharat Ratna awardee CNR Rao, recently made some recommendations for the emerging sector’s growth, including the development of an ecosystem for its academia and industry.

“The state government also proposes to set up a nano park in Bangalore with an incubation centre to give a fillip to the industry in the state,” the chief minister said.

The state government has allocated 14-acres of land on Tumkur Road to set up the Indian Institute of Nano Science & Technology, with funding from the central government under its Rs1,000-crore Nano Mission. 

“The purpose of science research is to address challenges of common man in myriad areas with solutions that will have greater value for our citizens,” the chief minister said. 

Siddaramaiah said the backing of the government has enabled the state make rapid progress in IT, IT-enabled services, biotech, and research and development.

So what really is nanotechnology?
Nanotechnology, or nanotech, is the manipulation of matter on an atomic and molecular scale. Science, engineering, and technology conducted at the nanoscale, which is about 1 to 100 nanometres, can be categorised under nanotechnology.

The National Nanotechnology Initiative defines nanotechnology as the manipulation of matter with at least one dimension sized from 1 to 100 nanometres. 

According to the Center for Responsible Nanotechnology, it is sometimes referred to as a general-purpose technology because in its advanced form it will have significant impact on almost all industries and all areas of society. 

What are its uses?
The technology can be used across all science fields, such as chemistry, biology, physics, materials science, and engineering. Because of the variety of potential applications (including industrial and military), governments have invested billions of dollars in nanotechnology research. 
It will offer better built, longer lasting, cleaner, safer, and smarter products for the home, for communications, for medicine, for transportation, for agriculture, and for industry in general.

Uses of nanotech in daily life
Wonder material

Graphene, which is also known as the wonder material, has extensive uses in nanotechnology. The material is 100 times stronger than steel and is super flexible in nature. By 2015, mobile phone screens will be made using graphene.

Band-Aids

Band-Aids have a nano-coating of silver to help wounds heal more quickly. 

Toothpaste
Certain types of toothpaste contain nanoparticles of hydroxyl apatitea calcium-based mineral found in boneswill that fill in microscopic cracks in the enamel to keep the pearly whites cavity-free.

Smartphones 
Most of the smartphones today use nanotech in a variety of ways, and one of the most ingenious is a nano-engineered accelerometer that tracks the phone’s motion for games and safety. 

Tennis balls
Tennis balls lose their bounce because their rubber core loses air over time. To combat this, Wilson started coating these cores in a nano-clay composite that makes them more airtight and allows them to last longer.

Car paint
Nanoparticles of paint act like a layer of microscopic marbles, filling in any gouges to its surface, thus eliminating the fear of getting scratches on your car.

Condoms
Nanotech has permeated into the bedroom as well in the form of a nano-foam in condoms that destroy bacteria and help curb the spread of STDs.

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